Los Puertorriqueños en los Estados (Notas)

Los Puertorriqueños en los Estados

Ciertamente los emigrantes puertorriqueños a NY en los 40 eran Estadistas, particularmente aquellos de extracción socialista seguidores de Santiago Iglesias. (Iglesias visitaba a NY con fr

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ecuencia en los 20 y 30) Importantes líderes de la comunidad puertorriqueña entonces (1930-1950) eran estadistas, incluyendo al primer puertorriqueño elegido a la Legislatura de NY el Lic. Oscar García Rivera, al Lic. Oscar González Suarez, abogado de Albizu (1954), el Dr. Sergio Pena, padre de Sergio Pena Closs, el primer Concejal de la ciudad don Ruperto Ruiz (194?), al abogado y popular conductor del programa radial “La Voz de Borinquén” (1945-195?) el ponceño Santiago Trevi y el muy influyente líder sindical aguadillano Rafael Cordero. En 1956 (aprox) don Luis A. Ferré visito la Ciudad y organizó los estadistas. (Tengo en mi poder la posiblemente única copia de los propósitos y el extenso programa de la organización que me la hiciera llegar hace algunos anos Rafael Cordero). Sin embargo, al Muñoz desmantelar la Oficina de Migración y establecer la Oficina de Puerto Rico y Ramón Vélez tomar control de la Parada Puertorriqueña las cosas cambiaron drásticamente.

Es también cierto que Rafael Hernández (Compositor) era de fuerte orientación estadista. Sonia y yo hicimos gran amistad en NY con su hermana Victoria que también era estadista. Nos contaba Victoria que el joven Muñoz visitaba a fin de la década de 1920 su tienda de música en la Avenida Madison y Calle 110 donde se reunían los puertorriqueños y que frecuentemente le pedía “prestado” algún dinero dada su entonces algo precaria situación económica. Nos decía también que la letra original del Lamento Borincano decía “no importa el destino” y no el “tirano” y que Davilita fue responsable de popularizar dicha no autorizada versión al regresar a la Isla en 1946. (El Lamento Borincano fue la canción “oficial” del PPD en las elecciones de 1940 y 1944) Al fallecer Rafael Hernández en 1966 Victoria le solicitó audiencia a Muñoz en La Fortaleza e insistió que autorizara exponer su cuerpo en el Capitolio. (Tengo entendido Rafael Hernández ha sido el único portorriqueño no relacionado a la política en ser así expuesto.) Debe señalarse, sin embargo, que, si mal no recuerdo, el féretro de Rafael Hernández, que era veterano de la Primera Guerra Mundial y falleció en el Hospital de San Patricio, estaba cubierto con la bandera norteamericana.

 

Hace tres o cuatro meses te envié vía internet la versión original del escrito “El Convidado de Piedra” en torno al origen y el trasfondo histórico del concepto “Estado Libre Asociado” y la extremadamente confusa situación política en la Isla. Envié el escrito a Luis González Vales, el Historiador Oficial, que encontró el mismo “excelente” e hizo observaciones y sugerencias para mejorarlo. Envié el escrito “final” a varias personas, incluyendo a Christina Duffy Ponsa, nieta de Francisco Ponsa Feliu y profesora en la Escuela Graduada de Leyes de Columbia University donde tiene un seminario sobre el sistema territorial de EU. (Chardón encontró el escrito “fascinante”.) Te enviare próximamente via “priority Mail” la versión revisada a tu oficina en la Avenida Ponce de León. Mientras tanto, estoy enviando el “manuscrito” a una casa editora en la Isla para ver si lo publican, si bien puede que resulte esto algo difícil ya que estas son propiedad de independentistas o de populares.

 

Saludos, Wilfredo Santiago Valiente

Los emigrantes del ’40 eran Estadistas, me decía Rafael Hernández el compositor Aguadillano que tuvo que emigrar a Méjico y a Nueva York por la persecución de los PPD, ya que era Estadista Republicano. (Se casó en segundas nupcias con una Mejicana Anti-Americana y los hijos salieron separatistas pero sin habilidades musicales como los primeros, uno de ellos era el que dirigía la banda del ROTC en 1962-66). Los de esa generación que LMM echó a patadas de PR, vinieron a hacerse Anti-Estadistas después de los ’70 con la prédica del odio y rencores confundiendo la nostalgia con emocionalismos baratos que ha usado el PPD muy efectivamente. Esa historia la conoce muy bien Wilfredo Santiago Valiente que ahora vive en Nuevo Méjico, pero que los Estadistas cuando hemos estado en el gobierno nunca hemos ayudado a que se sepan esas verdades, es que el PNP no cree en educar. Es que el PNP como partido no cree ni ayuda a los Voluntarios Estadistas. Lamentablemente esa ha sido la verdad histórica. Pompy – Fundador del PNP

Statehood is the full implementation of the Constitution of the United States of America, guaranteeing full rights of American citizens, residents of Puerto Rico. For critics of statehood, this is a mechanism to keep creating more for the country, where 30% of our GDP comes from federal grants and social security. They are totally wrong, this is about claiming our rights as American citizens and values, not federal aid. Under the current system-colonial territorial denied Puerto Ricans the two major powers in sovereignty: (1) the power to choose their leaders, and not under this system we can choose our representatives in Congress, only Resident Commissioner to a voice but no vote in Congress, and (2) our statutory power, is sheltered by a Congress that sympathize most with the needs of Puerto Rico. We can not vote for president and vice-president of the nation, which send many Puerto Ricans to war and there is the abundant pride in Borinqueneers or 65 infantry, for example. Moreover, our country is not respected one of the basic foundations of sovereignty, our territory, and we are subject to the territorial clause of the U.S. Constitution, which provides Congress the power to determine which parts of the Constitution of the United States are valid in the territories under the Treaty of Paris, as we are on this status, a territory, a colony.

Statehood, like free association and independence, are non-territorial options, very decent too. But put a true end to the permanent union with the United States or leave in limbo and it would not be fair to the 3.5 million American citizens in Puerto Rico, that by supporting the permanent union with the United States in a non-territorial true. Under the law 600 of the Congress in 1950, to Puerto Rico was given the power to write their own constitution (by the way, Congress amended it many times) and it was to be established or developed in Puerto Rico in the status issue, only to Puerto Rico gave him the power to create a constitution, the ELA is just the name given to a constitution. Moreover, the organic laws still apply, hence we maintain our citizenship

American currently under the Jones Act and again the territorial clause remains in place, which also dictates that, “We are, but we are not part of the United States”, as determined by the Supreme Court of the United States in the Insular cases, Balzac vs. Puerto Rico, Puerto Rico vs. Downes enter others. These are few reasons why Puerto Rico is a colony and could remain so, so for statesmen, statehood is the most reasonable mechanism, uniform and equitable for the 3.7 million American citizens on the island. Under statehood, would have to elect our mayors, our governor of any of the two major parties in the nation, and / or other minority party than exist in the United States. But because of the opponents of statehood, are barely mentioned. And under the sovereign state that we would, we would have a camera, a senate and would continue under a republican system of three branches, judicial, legislative and executive, which would eradicate the contradictions of the Foraker Act, Jones and 600, and would give the state the power whole of its territory, without congressional intervention. But what would change and it would be more equitable, not only for the economic welfare, if not for the rights of American citizens devoted to fellow brothers, would be $ 20 billion would receive federal treasury every January. All this for the delivery of brothers patriots who have given their lives for the American flag. And finally, we have to choose five representatives to the federal chamber and 2 senators federal senate, as dictated by the constitution of America. And so says the constitution in Article 14, Section 1, that no state is more powerful than another and that the number of representatives in the chamber is chosen depending on the population density of the state. However, the reality is that if Puerto Rico enters the union, the states of California and Texas lost 5 seats in the chamber between federal and detractors that say statehood statehood never give us.

This is the reality, it now remains that the United States be made a question, Do you want to Become a multinational states?, That is the question. But if you started with Alaska and Hawaii for over 50 years, strengthening the American dream overseas and basing on the legal spirit of the Northwest Ordinance, do not come with the story that we dream and fight for statehood because only we need to take another step as Puerto Ricans to join the national vanguard. So the desired state will be 51 and weequal rights with fellow brothers living on the continent of North America. This is simple, that Congress endorses a plebiscite, to run in the country and this life is going to determine the future of Puerto Rico. And in case Congress does not endorse the decision of the people, the people have the power to amend the constitution, and awarded the same rights as a state and choose their congressmen, this is known as the Tennessee Plan, which is a mechanism pressure used by the citizens of that state in 1796 to force the authorities to include them as a state. After six additional territories followed the same strategy in the absence of congressional action: Michigan, Iowa, Kansas, California, Oregon and Alaska. These were territories, tired of seeing that Congress did not act, they chose to act themselves. It is a strategy that leads to 7-7. But for this there should be a mandate from the people and this should be clear. This is the view from statesmen clear arguments and opinions are legitimate

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